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Fire-Protection Considerations for
the Design and Operation of
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
Storage Facilities
Strategies for Today’s
Environmental Partnership
Strategies for Today’s
Environmental Partnership
One of the most significant long-term trends affecting the future vitality of the petroleum industry is the publicÕs concerns about the environment. Recognizing this trend, API
member companies have developed a positive, forward looking strategy called STEP:
Strategies for TodayÕs Environmental Partnership. This program aims to address public
concerns by improving industryÕs environmental, health and safety performance; documenting performance improvements; and communicating them to the public. The foundation of STEP is the API Environmental Mission and Guiding Environmental Principles.
API standards, by promoting the use of sound engineering and operational practices, are an
important means of implementing APIÕs STEP program.
The members of the American Petroleum Institute are dedicated to continuous efforts
to improve the compatibility of our operations with the environment while economically
developing energy resources and supplying high quality products and services to consumers. The members recognize the importance of efficiently meeting societyÕs needs and our
responsibility to work with the public, the government, and others to develop and to use
natural resources in an environmentally sound manner while protecting the health and safety of our employees and the public. To meet these responsibilities, API members pledge to
manage our businesses according to these principles:
¥ To recognize and to respond to community concerns about our raw materials, products
and operations.
¥ To operate our plants and facilities, and to handle our raw materials and products in a
manner that protects the environment, and the safety and health of our employees and
the public.
¥ To make safety, health and environmental considerations a priority in our planning,
and our development of new products and processes.
¥ To advise promptly appropriate officials, employees, customers and the public of information on significant industry-related safety, health and environmental hazards,
and to recommend protective measures.
¥ To counsel customers, transporters and others in the safe use, transportation and disposal of our raw materials, products and waste materials.
¥ To economically develop and produce natural resources and to conserve those resources by using energy efficiently.
¥ To extend knowledge by conducting or supporting research on the safety, health and
environmental effects of our raw materials, products, processes and waste materials.
¥ To commit to reduce overall emissions and waste generation.
¥ To work with others to resolve problems created by handling and disposal of hazardous substances from our operations.
¥ To participate with government and others in creating responsible laws, regulations
and standards to safeguard the community, workplace and environment.
¥ To promote these principles and practices by sharing experiences and offering assistance to others who produce, handle, use, transport or dispose of similar raw materials,
petroleum products and wastes.
Fire-Protection Considerations for
the Design and Operation of
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
Storage Facilities
Health and Environment Department
Safety and Fire Protection Subcommittee
API publications necessarily address problems of a general nature. With respect to particular circumstances, local, state, and federal laws and regulations should be reviewed.
API is not undertaking to meet the duties of employers, manufacturers, or suppliers to
warn and properly train and equip their employees, and others exposed, concerning health
and safety risks and precautions, nor undertaking their obligations under local, state, or
federal laws.
Information concerning safety and health risks and proper precautions with respect to particular materials and conditions should be obtained from the employer, the manufacturer or
supplier of that material, or the material safety data sheet.
Nothing contained in any API publication is to be construed as granting any right, by
implication or otherwise, for the manufacture, sale, or use of any method, apparatus, or product covered by letters patent. Neither should anything contained in the publication be construed as insuring anyone against liability for infringement of letters patent.
Generally, API standards are reviewed and revised, reafÞrmed, or withdrawn at least every
Þve years. Sometimes a one-time extension of up to two years will be added to this review
cycle. This publication will no longer be in effect Þve years after its publication date as an
operative API standard or, where an extension has been granted, upon republication. Status
of the publication can be ascertained from the API Authoring Department [telephone (202)
682-8000]. A catalog of API publications and materials is published annually and updated
quarterly by API, 1220 L Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20005.
This document was produced under API standardization procedures that ensure appropriate notiÞcation and participation in the developmental process and is designated as an API
standard. Questions concerning the interpretation of the content of this standard or comments and questions concerning the procedures under which this standard was developed
should be directed in writing to the director of the Authoring Department (shown on the title
page of this document), American Petroleum Institute, 1220 L Street, N.W., Washington,
D.C. 20005. API standards are published to facilitate the broad availability of proven, sound
engineering and operating practices. These standards are not intended to obviate the need for
applying sound engineering judgment regarding when and where these standards should be
utilized. The formulation and publication of API standards is not intended in any way to
inhibit anyone from using any other practices.
Any manufacturer marking equipment or materials in conformance with the marking
requirements of an API standard is solely responsible for complying with all the applicable
requirements of that standard. API does not represent, warrant, or guarantee that such products do in fact conform to the applicable API standard.
All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,
without prior written permission from the publisher. Contact the Publisher,
API Publishing Services, 1220 L Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20005.
Copyright © 1996 American Petroleum Institute
This publication covers aspects of the design, operation, and maintenance of liqueÞed
petroleum gas (LPG) storage facilities from the standpoints of prevention and control of
releases, Þre-protection design, and Þre-control measures. The storage facilities covered
are LPG installations (storage vessels and associated loading/unloading/transfer systems)
at marine and pipeline terminals, natural gas processing plants, reÞneries, petrochemical
plants, and tank farms. This publication provides background, philosophy, methods, and
alternatives to achieve good Þre protection.
Information on the production or use of liqueÞed petroleum gas is not included.
This publication is not intended to take precedence over contractual agreements. Existing codes and manuals, wherever practicable, have been used in the preparation of this
API publications may be used by anyone desiring to do so. Every effort has been made