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download the philosophy of as if hans vaihinger pdf

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T h e P hi l o s o p h yo f
'As if'
r\ S.l'stcut
of tlrc Thcor.tic:rl, Itr':r.'ti.'ll .tnJ Religi.rusliietiotts
,rl' I\'l;rnkin.l
lly
H. VAIHINGER
'fr:rrrslrk'd
C. K. OGDEN
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NEW YORK
HARCOURT, BRACIi & COMPANY, INC.
I-NDON:
I(EGAN PAUL. TItllNCl{.
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TII.UBNE,R & CO.. Ll'D.
OEXEBAL INTRODUCTION
('tlAl'1'l1R I
Thoughtnconsideredfrom the poiot of view of a purporive'
organic Fuuctiou
term
Sctr:NrIrtc thought is a furtctiortrrf thc ps1'chc" lly the
" psychc" rvc do not urtdcrstarttla sttbstarrcc'but thc organic
"
"
thcsc
,*,t.,ot.of all so-catled mcrrtal actiorts atttl rcactiorts;
partly
bc
to
havc
brrt
trever come undcr cxternal otrscn'ation,
infcrrccl from plrysical sigrts,partly observc cvcry
inttcr setrse. i'ryahi..l actions and reactions are' likc
thcy
say'
is
to
that
event known to us, neccssaryoccurrenccs;
and
conditions
result with compulsory regularity from tltcir
some
with
causes. If we would .otp"t" psychical proccsscs
group of cxternal phcnomctra,the llhysical and in a narr)wer
arc less suitable than thc functions
,"enrcmcch"nical proccsses
'This
statcment is conf rmcd by the fact that
of the organism.
so.called"empiricalutilityisfoundinthepsychica|functions.as
-functions
of the bodily sphere'- This
well as in tLe organic
to
utility is manifestld here as there in a ready adaptatione
circumstancesand environmentI in the maintenance of
striving and successful reaction of thc physical or psychical
the
organiim to external impulses and -influences; and in
ln
elements'
of
new
rcpulsion
the
oi
ad"optionand acceptan".
play
of
t
mechanical
m:I:ly
not
place
the psyche thcre iakes
the
extent
grcat
a
to
fulfits
idcas
of